CAR 2 CAR related projects, organisations and task forces (Status March 2017)
AdaptIVe (Automated Driving Applications & Technologies for Intelligent Vehicles) is a research project co-funded by the European Commission and started its work in January 2014. The goal is to develop and test new functionalities for cars and trucks offering partially automated and highly automated driving. Necessary cooperative interaction between the driver and automated systems shall be enabled by advanced sensors, cooperative vehicle technologies and adaptive strategies.
The Amsterdam Group is a non-formal, strategic alliance of the CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium, POLIS, ASECAP and CEDR. These umbrella organisations work together to foster the joint European-wide deployment of c-ITS involving V2V and V2I communications.
CODECS (COoperative ITS DEployment Coordination Support) is a called Coordination & Support Action which is funded by the European Commission in the H2020 Research and Innovation Programme. CODECS acts as nodal point pooling the interests of stakeholders involved in the consecutive C-ITS implementation phases. It builds up a stakeholder network and, through interactive discussion in workshops, webinars and personal interviews, CODECS-partners identify functional approaches, roles & responsibilities, preferred use cases and requirements for strategic decision making. Out of the consolidated stakeholder needs and priorities, it develops guidelines for initial deployment as well as testing, specification and standardisation in later innovation phases.
Under the title COMPASS4D, one of the first initiatives of ,real C-ITS deployment’ in Europe has taken up its work in 2013. The EU-funded project deployed the three services red light violation warning, road hazard warning and energy efficient intersection in seven European cities in order to prove the concrete benefits of cooperative systems for citizens, city administrations and companies. After the EU-funded project has officially ended in December 2015, the Compass4D consortium and its associated partners have decided to continue operating the C-ITS services in the seven pilot sites for at least one year.
The C-Roads Platform is co-funded through the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) and aims at making cross-border C-ITS services a reality, building the foundations for connected and automated vehicles. 12 national pilots in European member states will trial cooperative services in a real traffic environment. The pilots contribute their implementation framework and experiences to the super-ordinated C-Roads Platform. The Platform will develop harmonised specifications for C-ITS services, taking into account the recommendation of the EU-C-ITS platform. It will furthermore link all C-ITS deployments and plan intensive cross-testing.
ECo-AT (European Corridor – Austrian Testbed for Cooperative Systems) is the Austrian project to create harmonised and standardised cooperative ITS applications jointly with partners in Germany and the Netherlands. The major goal is to finalise technical and organisational harmonisation between industry partners and road operators before deploying C-ITS based services. The project ECo-AT consists of 2 phases: in the first phase cooperative services and systems will be specified and the solutions will be tested by industry, cities and road operators within the framework of a "Living-Lab". In the second phase of ECo-AT cooperative services and systems are realised by deploying them within the framework of a live operation.
European Telecommunications Standards Institute ETSI
The European Telecommunications Standards Institute ETSI produces globally-applicable standards for information and communication technologies. The non-profit organisation is recognised as European Standardisation Organisation by the European Union. ETSI CTI (ETSI Centre for Testing and Interoperability) provides direct support and assistance to ETSI technical committees on the application of these techniques in standards and other documents.
HIGHTS (High precision positioning for cooperative ITS) is a Europe-base research project supported by European Union under the funding scheme "Horizon 2020". The goal of the HIGHTS project is to achieve high precision positioning system with the accuracy of 25cm. The start-up objectives are to identify and describe those scenarios and important positioning related functional requirements as needed by the use cases with high precision requirements as C-ACC (Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control), Cooperative-ITS, the ETSI Basic Set of Applications and others. These applications present the end goals on top of which research and development will be performed. The project proposes solutions to high precision localization problems and ITS applications in a bottom-up approach.
The MAVEN project (Managing Automated Vehicles Enhances Network) is funded by the European Commission under Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Framework Programme. MAVEN aims to provide solutions for managing automated vehicles in an urban environment (with signalised intersections and mixed traffic). It will develop algorithms for organising the flow of infrastructure-assisted automated vehicles, and structuring the negotiation processes between vehicles and the infrastructure. The MAVEN approach will substantially contribute to increasing traffic efficiency, improving utilisation of infrastructure capacity, and reducing emission.
ROADART (Research On Alternative Diversity Aspects foR Trucks) is a European project which received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. With the investigation of future-oriented diversity and beamforming techniques the resulting ROADART platform will assure a sustainable and holistic approach for corporative ITS systems in a way that state-of-the-art systems cannot provide. The developed platform will be demonstrated and evaluated for specific scenarios that include special use cases, i.e. tunnels and platooning.
SCOOP@F is a Cooperative ITS pilot deployment project that intends to connect approximately 3000 vehicles with 2000 kilometres of roads. It consists of 5 specific sites with different types of roads: Ile-de-France, "East Corridor" between Paris and Strasbourg, Brittany, Bordeaux and Isère. SCOOP@F is composed of SCOOP@F Part 1 from 2014 to 2015 (ongoing) and SCOOP@F Part 2 from 2016 to 2018. Its main objective is to improve the safety of road transport and of road operating staff during road works or maintenance.
UK Autodrive is the largest of three separate consortia that are currently trialling automated vehicle technology as part of a government-backed competition to support the introduction of self-driving vehicles into the UK. The project will run for three years (until October 2018) with several major milestones along the way, including the start of the vehicle trials – the first of which took place at the HORIBA MIRA Proving Ground in October 2016. In the last year of the programme, autonomous and connected cars and pods will become a regular sight in Milton Keynes and Coventry.
UK Connected Intelligent Transport Environment (UKCITE) is a project to create the most advanced environment for testing connected and autonomous vehicles. It involves equipping over 40 miles of urban roads, dual-carriageways and motorways with combinations of three ,talking car technologies‘ and testing for a fourth, known as LTE-V. The project will establish how these technologies can improve journeys, reduce traffic congestion, provide entertainment and safety services through better connectivity. The project is expected to take a total of 30 months
Terminated projects and task forces
The COMeSafety Project supported the eSafety Forum with respect to all issues related to vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communications as the basis for cooperative intelligent road transport systems. Its results were pursued in COMeSafety2.
COMeSafety2 was a supportive action of the European Commission aiming at fostering the standardisation and harmonisation of Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems. COMeSafety2 built upon the advancement of COMeSafety and facilitated the deployment of Cooperative ITS. Task forces worked on the standardisation of technical and legal requirements, preparation of deployment, cooperation between Europe and the US as well as providing information and engage attention of various stakeholders.
Coopers (CO-OPerative SystEms for Intelligent Road Safety) focused on the development of innovative telematics applications on the road infrastructure with the long term goal of a „Co-operative Traffic Management” between vehicle and infrastructure, to reduce the self-opening gap of the development of telematics applications between car industry and infrastructure operators.
CVIS (Cooperative Vehicle-Infrastructure Systems) aimed to design, develop and test new technologies needed to allow vehicles to communicate with each other and with the nearby roadside infrastructure.
DRIVE C2X adjoined the European Project Pre-Drive C2X and created a reference system as foundation for a pan-European C2X field operational test. The objective was set in enabling the evaluation of cooperative driving technologies, to test the interoperability of national systems and with this to support the deployment of C2X.
The objectives of EVITA (E-Safety Vehicle Intrusion Protected Applications) were to design, to verify, and to prototype building blocks for automotive on-board networks where security-relevant components are protected against tampering and sensitive data are protected against compromise. Thus, the EVITA project provided a basis for the secure deployment of car-to-car communication.
GST Global System for Telematics
The EU-funded Integrated Project GST (Global System for Telematics) was creating an open and standardised end-to-end architecture for automotive telematics services. The purpose was to create an environment in which innovative telematics services can be developed and delivered cost-effectively, and hence to increase the range of economic telematics services available to manufacturers and consumers.
GeoNet (Geographic addressing and routing for vehicular communications) should bring the basic results from the work of the CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium to the next step, by further improving these specifications and creating a baseline software implementation interfacing with IPv6. The goal of GeoNet was thus to implement and formally test a networking mechanism as a standalone software module which could be incorporated into Cooperative Systems.
iCarSupport targeted at attaching public awareness to the perspectives opened by ITS technologies and applications in making vehicles smarter and safer. Its main focus lay on informing about standardisation activities in the field of Intelligent Transport Systems and attempts to give a synopsis of those activities undertaken by different standardisation organisations. With this expertise iCarSupport assisted the iMobility Forum.
The EU-FP7 project iTETRIS (An Integrated Wireless and Traffic Platform for Real-Time Road Traffic Management Solutions) developed an evaluation platform for large-scale, long-term simulations of cooperative traffic management applications. The platform combined traffic and communications simulation in a closed-loop which allows detailed analyses of effects and performance of cooperative applications on traffic flow, travel time, emissions, etc.
NOW: Network On Wheels
NoW was a German research project supported by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research. The main objectives were to solve technical key questions on the communication protocols and data security for Car-2-Car Communications and to submit the results to the standardisation activities of the CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium, which is an initiative of major European car manufacturers and suppliers.
The OVERSEE (Open Vehicular Secure Platform) project developed an open, secure, standardised in-vehicle software and communication platform, featuring virtualisation, strong isolation and compliance to real-time constraints.
PRE-DRIVE C2X prepared a large-scale field trial for vehicular communication technology. Based on the European COMeSafety architecture for a vehicle-to-x communication system, the project developed a detailed specification for such a system and a functionally-verified prototype. The prototype is robust enough to be used in future field operational tests.
The goal of the EU-FP7 project PRESERVE (Preparing Secure Vehicle-to-X Communication Systems) was to bring secure and privacy-protected V2X communication closer to reality by providing and field testing a security and privacy subsystem for V2X systems. PRESERVE combined and extended results from earlier research projects, integrating and developing them to a pre-deployment stage by enhancing scalability, reducing the cost level, and addressing open deployment issues. It aimed at providing comprehensive protection ranging from the vehicle sensors, through the on-board network and V2V/V2I communication, to the receiving application. As a result, PRESERVE presented a complete, scalable, and cost-efficient V2X security subsystem that was close-to-market and that was provided to other FOT projects and interested parties for on-going testing.
PReVENT (PReVENTive and Active Safety Applications) aimed at developing, testing and evaluating safety related applications, using advanced sensor and communication devices integrated into on-board systems for driver assistance.
SAFESPOT (Smart Vehicles on Smart Roads) was an integrated research project co-funded by the European Commission. It created dynamic cooperative networks where the vehicles and the road infrastructure communicate to share information gathered on board and at the roadside to enhance the drivers' perception of the vehicle surroundings.
SEVECOM (SEcure VEhicle Communication) was an EU-funded project that focused on providing a full definition and implementation of security requirements for vehicular communications.
The research project simTD (Safe Intelligent Mobility – Test Area Germany) attended to tet and evaluate car-2-X technology and dedicated applications in a large-scale test field around Frankfurt/Germany).